Varicose veins are a serious disease that significantly impairs the quality of life and without timely treatment makes it simply unbearable.
That is why it is important for everyone who has encountered such a problem to know the causes of varicose veins, its manifestations and most importantly, to explore the best methods for treating this disease.
Varicose veins are a chronic vascular disease that develops as a result of blood stagnation (usually in the lower extremities). This is due to the failure of the vascular valves, which usually pass blood extremely upwards, from the lower limbs to the heart. Stagnant blood puts pressure on the walls of blood vessels, as a result of which they become thinner, lose elasticity and deform, expanding significantly. On the legs of such a patient with the naked eye can be seen twisting "snakes" of blood vessels that rise above the skin and in places form varicose "knots".
Causes of varicose veins
There are many reasons for the development of this disease. In particular, varicose veins can lead to:
- "Bad" heredity. Varicose veins are found in people with congenital weakness of the valvular system or venous walls.
- Increased venous pressure. Very often factors that increase blood pressure lead to such a disease, namely pregnancy, obesity, constant vertical loads (when a person stands on his feet for a day), sedentary lifestyle (sedentary work).
- Taking hormonal drugs. Some hormonal drugs, such as the high-estrogen birth control pill, cause blood clots and can cause varicose veins.
- Circulatory disorders. These disorders can occur due to poor physical activity, smoking, wearing too tight shoes or chronic constipation.
- Hormonal disorders associated with age-related changes in the body.
Manifestations and complications of the disease
Doctors notice that varicose veins are not so terrible in themselves, as its complications are dangerous. In fact, in the early stages of the disease, varicose veins are an aesthetic problem for a person (especially women). First, vascular webs appear on the skin - the so-called "cobwebs". At the same time, a person begins to feel heaviness in the legs, notice swelling of the limbs and experience pain when walking. These are important symptoms of varicose veins, which should never be ignored. If a person is not in a hurry to go to the doctor and find out the cause of the disease, he risks running varicose veins and encountering a problem that can not be solved without surgery.
With the development of varicose veins, the skin in the area of the lower leg becomes thicker and bluish. The patient's calves begin to "hurt" even on a short walk, and swollen veins are visible under the skin. In addition, over time, such veins become very painful.
But this is just the beginning of serious health problems. If a person does not start to fight the existing disease, irreversible changes begin to occur in the skin surrounding the affected veins, as a result of which lipodermatosclerosis develops and later trophic ulcers appear. In addition, without treatment, the inner walls of the veins become inflamed and provoke the formation of blood clots. This is how thrombophlebitis develops. As they increase in size, blood clots block the lumen of the vein and the clot can separate at any time. And this state is filled with death.
Thus, it is quite clear that varicose veins need to be treated. And you should start therapy as early as possible. Then we will look at methods of treating this serious disease.
In the complex therapy of varicose veins drugs are necessarily used. Most of them are capsules or tablets that have a multifaceted effect on the body. In particular:
- Phlebotonics.These drugs increase blood flow, preventing the development of thrombosis and at the same time increase the tone of the vessel walls. It will not be possible to remove varicose veins with such drugs, but they are fully capable of relieving swelling of the legs, eliminating the burning sensation and pain. In the case of varicose veins, drugs from this group, as a rule, take 2 tablets a day, and the duration of treatment is determined exclusively by the doctor.
- Medicines to thin the blood.Such drugs dilute the blood and promote better blood circulation, preventing the development of thrombosis. These drugs are prescribed only on an individual basis, and the time of application is determined by the doctor.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.These include pills, ointments and gels that relieve pain, relieve swelling and prevent platelet aggregation. More importantly, these drugs prevent inflammation of the veins, which leads to thrombophlebitis.
Socks and tights from varicose veins
The fairer sex face varicose veins much more often than men. This is largely due to hormonal changes that occur in the female body (menopause, pregnancy). Therefore, the best way to prevent varicose veins for them is to wear special tight-fitting socks or tights. Such compression underwear compresses the legs and prevents varicose veins, which means that it is an excellent prevention of varicose veins. And in case of an already developed disease, such underwear protects the feet from pain, swelling and fatigue.
The treatment of varicose veins with water has been known since time immemorial. At different temperatures, the veins narrow and dilate, which helps to increase their elasticity. Knowing this, modern doctors use hydrotherapy in the early stages of the development of varicose veins, when vascular networks have just begun to appear on the skin. In addition, depending on the existing problem, the baths can be local (for the feet only) or common (for the whole body). The water temperature in such a bath varies from 20 to 40 ° C.
Non-traditional methods can be used in the complex treatment of varicose veins. Here's a few examples.
Affected veins should be lubricated with freshly squeezed potato juice in the morning, afternoon and evening, and at night bandages should be applied with a bandage dipped in this juice. In addition, you should drink 100 ml of potato juice 3 r / day. Varicose veins should be treated with such a drug for 3-4 months.
It is called "medicine number 1" for varicose veins and all this because apple cider vinegar improves blood circulation, strengthens blood vessel walls and improves skin tone. It is very easy to use: 2-3 r / day you need to lubricate the skin in the affected veinsAnd at the same time you should drink a glass of water in which 1 teaspoon of vinegar is diluted. The duration of therapy is 2 months.
This is another effective way to deal with varicose veins. Fill a half-liter bottle with chopped kalanchoe leaves in half and fill the raw material with 40% alcohol to make the bottle full. After leaving the product for a week in a dark place, strain it and use the tincture to rub the affected areas 2 r / day. The treatment should be supplemented with a light massage of swollen veins. This treatment lasts 4 months.
Baths with white willow bark will be a good help in the fight against this disease. For such a procedure it is necessary to grind the bark, then 2 tbsp. l. pour such raw materials with 400 ml of water and cook over low heat for 15 minutes. Add the finished product in buckets of water, where then lower your legs and hold for 30 minutes. And immediately after the procedure, put on compression stockings and let your feet rest. The procedures should be performed every other day for 3 months. By the way, to enhance the effect, a decoction of willow bark can be diluted with a decoction of oak bark.
All these methods are an excellent means of preventing this disease and provide good help in the treatment of varicose veins in the early stages of the disease. However, practice shows that in 80% of cases people with affected veins go to doctors with advanced disease. In such a situation, neither compression underwear, nor creams and ointments, nor folk remedies can affect the development of the disease. Drastic measures are needed. Fortunately, modern medicine is ready to offer effective methods to solve this complex problem.
This is a non-surgical method for dealing with varicose veins, in which the doctor uses a thin needle to inject a special substance into the affected vein - sclerosant. Such a substance sticks to the vein from the inside, as a result of which it dissolves and blood flow begins to flow through healthy veins. The number of sclerosant application sessions may vary depending on the severity of the lesion. And during treatment, the patient must wear compression underwear.
As a result of such therapy, a person almost forever forgets about annoying varicose veins. Relapses occur in only 25% of cases and are usually associated with advanced disease. It is true that it should be understood that sclerotherapy is not performed in pregnant women and obese people.
This is one of the modern advances in medicine that allows you to get rid of varicose veins without surgery. The radiation generated by the laser "solders" the affected vein from the inside, thus closing its lumen and cutting off the path of blood flow that begins to travel through the deeper veins. Over time, connective tissue forms from the glued vessel, whichsubsequently dissolved.
This method of solving the problem is more effective than sclerotherapy. It is mildly traumatic, the operation takes no more than 40 minutes and the patient can leave the clinic literally 2 hours after the operation. No wonder laser treatment of varicose veins is called "office surgery". In this case, skin incisions should only be made when large veins are eliminated, while small varicose veins are eliminated without damaging the tissues. It should only be remembered that the cost of such an operation is quite high.
More recently, in our country, they began to practice the most modern method for eliminating the affected veins, which is called radiofrequency ablation. It is used to treat the major large veins affected by varicose veins. In this case, a radiofrequency catheter is inserted into the affected vein through a puncture in the skin, which uses microwaves to "weld" the vein from the inside, and the catheter has sensors that allow you to monitor the effectiveness of the procedure.
This method can compete with laser treatment, as it also does not require skin incisions, does not leave hematomas and is performed in just 30 minutes. On the day of the operation, the patient can return to his duties. However, the cost of such a procedure is high even compared to laser coagulation.
It is important to understand that in the case of eczema, thrombophlebitis, and trophic ulcers, no treatment is carried out with the above methods. It is possible to eliminate the neglected varicose veins only by surgical removal of veins together with sclerotherapy. Here, however, everything is not so critical. In the arsenal of modern surgeons there are low-trauma microsurgical methods that allow you to remove a diseased vein through a small incision and after the procedure there will simply be no scars. In addition, new technologies make it possible to remove painful veins in just 30-40 minutes.
There is no need to be afraid of varicose veins. On the contrary, the disease requires careful attention to yourself and the sooner the better. Timely identification and properly selected method of treatment will allow you to eliminate the disease without problems and live a full life.
Good health to you!